(f) Any person arrested or detained shall have immediate access to a lawyer and, unless waived in writing, shall not be obliged to answer questions or participate in interrogation without the presence of his or her lawyer. Recognizing the need to formulate and establish principles and rules to strengthen and complement the fair trial provisions of the Charter and to take into account international standards; 6.dem Give detainees the opportunity to challenge the lawfulness of their detention and to obtain their release if the arrest or detention violates their rights. (b) An accused or a party to civil proceedings shall have the right to be effectively defended or represented and to elect his or her own legal representative at all stages of the proceedings. They may challenge the choice of their court-appointed lawyer. 1. any person whose rights have been violated, including through persons acting in an official capacity, shall have an effective remedy before a competent tribunal; (d) States shall ensure that access to judicial services is not impeded, inter alia, by distance from the location of judicial institutions, lack of information about the judicial system, prohibitive or excessive court fees and lack of assistance in understanding procedures and completing formalities. 2. Any person who exercises a remedy shall have a right determined by the competent judicial, administrative or legislative authorities; 1. assess whether there are sufficient legal grounds to justify the arrest; (a) States shall ensure that national legislation does not impede cooperation among legal practitioners in the countries of their region and throughout Africa. 1. a former prosecutor or legal representative acts as a bailiff in a case in which he has sued or represented a party; (a) States shall adopt laws, to the extent that they do not exist, to guarantee the right to habeas corpus, amparo or similar procedures. (a) States shall ensure that judges receive adequate education and training and are sensitized to the ethical ideals and duties of their office, to the constitutional and legal protection of the rights of the accused, victims and other parties to a dispute, and to the human rights and fundamental freedoms recognized by national and international law.
(c) Equal access of women and men to judicial bodies and equality before the law in all judicial proceedings; (e) Military courts or other special courts that do not apply duly established judicial procedures may not substitute for the jurisdiction of ordinary judicial bodies; (f) the right to consult and be represented by a legal representative or other qualified persons chosen by the party at all stages of the proceedings; (f) Prosecutors play an active role in criminal proceedings, including prosecution, and, to the extent permitted by law or in accordance with local practice, in the investigation of criminal offences, the supervision of the legality of such investigations, the supervision of the execution of decisions of judicial bodies and the exercise of other functions as representatives of the public interest. 2. If the judicial authority does not provide legal assistance in important or serious human rights cases, it represents the accused or party in civil proceedings without payment from him. (l) Accusations or complaints against lawyers in the performance of their professional functions shall be dealt with promptly and in good faith in accordance with appropriate procedures. Lawyers have the right to a fair trial, including the right to be assisted by a lawyer of their choice. (f) Pregnant women and mothers of infants should not be detained prior to trial, but their release may be subject to certain conditions or guarantees, including the payment of bail. (d) Complaint procedures against judicial officials and their disciplinary measures shall be regulated by law. Complaints against judicial officers are dealt with promptly, quickly and fairly. (a) The interests of justice always require legal assistance to an accused in any case punishable by death, including appeal, executive pardon, commutation of sentence, amnesty or pardon. (e) Disciplinary offences committed by prosecutors are based on laws or statutory provisions. Complaints against prosecutors who claim to have acted in a manner inconsistent with professional standards will be dealt with promptly and fairly in accordance with the procedures required by law. Prosecutors have the right to a fair trial, including the right to be represented by a legal representative of their choice.
The decision is subject to independent review. (b) Prosecutors shall pay due attention to the prosecution of crimes committed by public officials, in particular corruption, abuse of power, serious violations of human rights and other crimes recognized under international law, and, to the extent permitted by law or in accordance with local customs, to the investigation of such crimes. (e) States recognizing the role of paralegals should ensure that they enjoy rights and facilities similar to those accorded to lawyers, to the extent necessary to enable them to exercise their functions independently. (a) The granting of amnesty to absolve perpetrators of human rights violations and accountability violates the right of victims to an effective remedy; 5. prevent violations of the detainee`s fundamental rights; (c) Nothing in these Guidelines permits the use of anonymous witnesses if the judge and the defence do not know the identity of the witness at trial. (i) Lawyers, like other citizens, have the right to freedom of expression, belief, association and assembly. In particular, they have the right to participate in public debate on matters of law, the administration of justice and the promotion and protection of human rights and to participate, establish and attend meetings of local, national or international organizations without professional restrictions by virtue of their lawful act or membership in a legitimate organization.