In the second half of the nineteenth century, as the term of the Supreme Court lengthened and the functions of the district court decreased, new appointees were more likely to begin their work at the Supreme Court in Washington, D.C. Two different swearing-in ceremonies developed. In the first case, the Chief Justice or Senior Associate Justice took the constitutional oath in a private ceremony, usually held in the judges` deliberation room at the U.S. Capitol. In the second, the clerk read the commission in open court and was sworn in before the new judge took his place on the bench. The plenum is the main political decision-making body of the Nepalese judiciary, composed of all judges of the Supreme Court. On many occasions, the Supreme Court has formulated guidelines and developed plans and programs for judicial reform and court administration systems. In addition, the Chief Justice and the Chancellor also play a key role in the formulation of justice policy. The Supreme Court has both judicial and extrajudicial powers. Judicial powers include the power to hear written applications, the power to hear appeals, the power to review their own judgments, the power to review judgments of the Court of Appeal, and the power to hear certain cases (as established by law). The Supreme Court also has the power to make rules, administer the Court of Appeal and all district courts, formulate policies and programmes relating to the administration of justice, management reforms in various courts, and publish and disseminate Supreme Court decisions. The Council meeting decided to recommend two Chief Justices of the Supreme Courts – Neeta Gautam Dixit and Binod Sharma and a lawyer DN Parajuli, who is also an associate professor of law, for Supreme Court judges. Parajuli is also the head of Nepal`s law campus.
 Section 9 Appeal to the Supreme Court – Administration of Justice Act 2048 (1991). The Supreme Court has other different committees formed by the Rules of Procedure of the Supreme Court. Similarly, the Chief Justice has the power to appoint other appropriate committees. The main purpose of these committees is to develop court administration policies and to advise the Chief Justice. The judge`s bench, which consists of two judges, is called the departmental bench. Most business goes through this bench. The competence of this chamber is to rule on the appeal lodged after the decision of the Court of Appeal, to hear the written application registered under Article 133, paragraph 2, of the Constitution, to review its own judgments and to review the decision of the Court of Appeal in accordance with the law. The Supreme Court consists of the Chief Justice and twenty judges. The President of the Supreme Court is appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Constitutional Council. He is appointed from among the judges who serve as a judge of the Supreme Court for at least three years. Judges of the Supreme Court are appointed by the President of Nepal on the recommendation of the Judicial Council.
The Judicial Council is an independent five-member body headed by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, accompanied by a Minister of Law and Justice, the Chief Justice and two eminent jurists representing the Prime Minister and the Nepal Bar Association. The Chief Justice and Supreme Court judges must be approved by the Parliamentary Hearing Commission before they can be appointed by the President. The administrative head of the Supreme Court is the Chief Registrar. In addition to the Chief Registrar, a Registrar and four Deputy Registrars are appointed to direct various divisions of the Supreme Court and assist the Court. Officers of the Supreme Court are appointed by the Government of Nepal on the recommendation of the JSC. [ref. needed] The district courts are the court of first instance. The district courts have jurisdiction over all civil and criminal cases. Section 7 of the Administration of Justice Act 1991 empowers district courts to hear all matters within their respective jurisdiction. According to Article 151 (1) of the Constitution of Nepal, in 2015, the District Court has the power to originally attempt to resolve all cases within its jurisdiction, hear petitions under the Act, including habeas corpus and prohibition applications, hear appeals against decisions of quasi-judicial bodies, to hear appeals against decisions of local judicial authorities constituted under state law, to initiate contempt proceedings. and punish contempt under federal law if anyone interferes with the jurisdiction of him or any of his lower courts, or disobeys an order or judgment. Specialized courts, judicial bodies or courts may be established to hear and settle certain types and types of cases not covered by article 127, as provided for in federal law.
However, no specialised court, judicial authority or specialised court may be established for a particular case. An offence punishable by deprivation of liberty for more than one year does not fall within the jurisdiction of a body other than a court, a specialized court, a military tribunal or a judicial authority. The Constitution provides that the President “shall appoint and, through and with the advice and assent of the Senate. Judges of the Supreme Court. After confirmation by the Senate, the president signs a commission that appoints the nominee, who must then take two oaths before assuming office. These oaths are known as constitutional oaths and judicial oaths. The single formation consists of a single judge. The prima facie consideration of the application, the appeal against the provisional order and the interim order of the lower court, the appeal against the decision of the Registrar on the procedure of the cases and any other application which does not fall within the competence of the Special Chamber, Full Chamber or Chamber shall fall within the competence of the Individual Chamber. The first judges were to sit in the regional district courts in addition to their duties on the Supreme Court.
If a judge has not taken an oath on the spot after receiving his assignment, he will do so upon arrival at the district court. The presiding judge or clerk took an oath and certified the back of the Judicial Commission and testified that the oaths had been taken in accordance with the law. When the new justice first sat on the Supreme Court, he presented his commission, which was read aloud in open court and recorded in the court`s minutes. If the judiciary had not yet been sworn in, they would be. The 21-member Supreme Court currently has just 19 judges, while Chief Justice Cholendra Shumsher Rana remains suspended after 98 lawmakers filed an impeachment petition against him on Feb. 13. Judges of the Supreme Court shall be appointed from among judges who have served as judges of the High Courts for seven years, or who have served for at least 12 years as a first-class civil servant in the judicial service, or who have served as senior advocates or lawyers with at least fifteen years` professional experience, or as distinguished lawyers who have worked in the judicial or legal field for at least 15 years. [ref.
The Supreme Court of Nepal (Nepali: सर्वोच्च अदालत) is the highest court in Nepal. It has jurisdiction to appeal against decisions of the seven high courts (including eleven chambers of the high courts) and has extraordinary jurisdiction in the first instance. The Court is composed of twenty judges and a Chief Justice.   In accordance with Article 133(4) of the Constitution and Article 7 of the Supreme Court Act, the Supreme Court may hear certain cases.